South Sudan Conflict Hurting Uganda’s economy, Says Government Spokesman
Col Shaban Bantariza, the Government Spokesperson has said the conflict in the South Sudan has seen Uganda‘s exports plunge by more than half.
Uganda’s exports to South Sudan were valued at $220m per month. In 2012, Uganda earned an estimated $1.3bn from exports to South Sudan, according to figures from BoU.
The figure is an improvement from the $630m Uganda earned in 2010
Addressing journalists in Gulu town on Thursday, Bantariza said trade with South Sudan accounted for about 15 percent of Uganda’s external trade.
Bantariza revealed that annually, the country was earning around 271 Billion shillings in revenue from trade with its neighbor before conflict broke out.
However he noted that currently, the figures have dropped to 54.4 billion shillings.
This translates to Uganda loosing around 216.6 billion shillings which it use to earn from trade annually.
The conflict in South Sudan erupted in December 2013, after President Salva Kiir accused his former deputy, Riek Machar, of attempting a coup.
The war started just less than three years after South Sudan gained independence.
It has since morphed into what is looking like a full-scale civil war, complete with peace talks in another country – Ethiopia.
Many Ugandans who dominate the informal trade in the capital Juba have suffered heavy losses and many have returned home as a result of the violence.
In January 2014, Dr Adam Mugume, the executive director Research at Bank of Uganda (BoU) was quoted in the press saying that the conflict was likely to reduce the exportation of Ugandan food and construction materials to South Sudan.
Mugume explained that whenever there is a conflict, people will not build and they will not demand for food.
He observed that this is likely to reduce on the in-flows the country.
South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are among the major trading partners for Uganda. However they still remain volatile as a result of fighting.